Book Summary: Grit by Angela Duckworth
Part I: What Grit Is And Why It Matters
Chapter 1 : Showing Up
In sum, no matter the domain, the highly successful had a kind of ferocious determination that played out in two ways.
First, these exemplars were unusually resilient and hardworking.
Second, they knew in a very, very deep way what it was they wanted.
They not only had determination, they had direction.
It was this combination of passion and perseverance that made high achievers special.
In a word, they had grit.
Chapter 2: Distracted By Talent
The biggest reason a preoccupation with talent can be harmful is simple
By shining our spotlight on talent, we risk leaving everything else in the shadows.
Talent is great, but tests of talent stink.
The focus on talent distracts us from something that is at least as important, and that is effort.
Chapter 3: Effort Counts Twice
Talent is how quickly your skills improve when you invest effort.
Achievement is what happens when you take your acquired skills and use them.
But effort factors into the calculations twice, not once. Effort builds skill.
At the very same time, effort makes skill productive
With effort, talent becomes skill and, at the very same time, effort makes skill productive.
Chapter 4: How Gritty Are You?
Grit has two components: passion and perseverance.
“high but not the highest intelligence, combined with the greatest degree of persistence, will achieve greater eminence than ….
The highest degree of intelligence with somewhat less persistence.”
Chapter 5: Grit Grows
Traits like honesty and generosity and, yes, grit, are genetically influenced and, in addition, influenced by experience
You can learn to discover, develop, and deepen your interests. You can acquire the habit of discipline.
You can cultivate a sense of purpose and meaning. And you can teach yourself to hope.
Part Ii: Growing Grit From The Inside Out
Chapter 6: Interest
Research shows that people are enormously more satisfied with their jobs when they do something that fits their personal interests
If you’d like to follow your passion but haven’t yet fostered one, you must begin at the beginning: discovery.
Ask yourself a few simple questions:
- What do I like to think about?
- Where does my mind wander?
- What do I really care about?
- What matters most to me?
- How do I enjoy spending my time?
Interests must be triggered again and again and again.
The development of interests takes time. Keep asking questions
Chapter 7: Practice
Grittier kids at the National Spelling Bee practiced more than their less gritty competitors.
Grittier kids reported working harder than other kids when doing deliberate practice but, at the same time, said they enjoyed it more than other kids
“learn to love the burn”
Chapter 8: Purpose
Leaders and employees who keep both personal and prosocial interests in mind do better in the long run than those who are 100 percent selfishly motivated.
Many of those who were driven to help others worked fewer overtime hours
Chapter 9: Hope
One kind of hope is the expectation that tomorrow will be better than today
Grit depends on a different kind of hope. It rests on the expectation that our own efforts can improve our future.
Students with a growth mindset are significantly grittier than students with a fixed mindset.
Asking for help was a good way to hold on to hope.
Part Iii: Growing Grit From The Outside In
Chapter 10: Parenting For Grit
Perseverance and especially passion bloom when children are lavished with unconditional affection and support.
These champions of kinder and gentler parenting advocate big hugs and long leashes and point out that
Children are by their nature challenge-seeking creatures whose innate desire for competence needs only our unconditional love and affection to reveal itself
Post-it notes are no substitute for the daily gestures, comments, and actions that communicate warmth, respect, and high expectations.
Chapter 11 : The Playing Fields Of Grit
Kids who are more involved in extracurriculars fare better on just about every conceivable metric—
They earn better grades, have higher self-esteem, are less likely to get in trouble and so forth.
With practice, industriousness can be learned
Chapter 12: A Culture Of Grit
There’s a hard way to get grit and an easy way. The hard way is to do it by yourself.
The easy way is to use conformity—the basic human drive to fit in—because if you’re around a lot of people who are gritty, you’re going to act grittier.
Chapter 13: Conclusion
You can grow your grit.
You can cultivate your interests.
You can develop a habit of daily challenge-exceeding-skill practice.
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